Scottish independence is a political aim of some political parties, advocacy groups, and individuals in Scotland which is a country of the United Kingdom for the country to become an independent sovereign state. A national referendum was held in Scotland on 18 September 2014. Voters were asked to answer either “Yes” or “No” to the question: “Should Scotland be an independent country? During the week prior to the election, polls showed a minimal difference between the two referendum sides, The “No” option eventually prevailed, achieving 55.3% of votes, compared to the “Yes” proportion of 44.7%, from a voter participation rate of 84.5%.
To compare and contrast the quest of independence for the Oromo nation and Scottish it is very important to give a clear answer to the question´´ why do both the Oromo and Scottish people want independence and want to be a free nation? To understand this clearly let us see some of the under mentioned short historical justifications of the Scotland vs England as well as Oromia vs Ethiopia.
The unification of Scotland and Britain was held in 1707 in a voluntarily union, and it was done by mutual agreement for mutual interest of both nations. It was neither invasion nor colonialism. The Scotland and Britain have lived together for over 300 years peacefully, with absolute respect of one another. The Scots have never complained of the oppression, persecution, imprisonment or brutal rule of Britain. Simply speaking, no one was imprisoned, inflicted or killed for just advocating for the independent of Scotland.
Obviously speaking, even though there are some other reasons the main driving force behind the Scottish independence is the presence of natural oil resource in Scotland, which is just to access a better social welfare for the 5 million of Scots. Free health service, free schooling and some others social benefits are some of the driving forces for independence. As long as I understand, Scots are moving from economic dependence to independence, rather than to political independence as the oppressed Oromo’s and other oppressed nations of the world strive for. The voting polls showed very close percentage (between 55.3 % to 44.7 % ). This figure simply shows that their vote of yes or No, is not the vote that an oppressed nations votes for. While living under the umbrella of UK, Scots have not lost their national pride and national feeling of being Scottish. They have been Scotland first, and for being so they didn’t challenged or refused.
On the contrary, the unification of Oromia and Ethiopia is a forced one, which means without the will of the Oromo people. It is a real invasion and colonialism. Until it was colonized by Abyssinia the Oromo nation has its own country name Oromia but starting from 1880, The Ethiopians and Oromo have lived together as an oppressor and oppressed, as an exploiter and the exploited or as a master and slave. The Oromo have been complaining about the brutal rule of the Abyssinians’ dictators and violation of basic human rights. You will never find a single Oromo individual whose family has not been either persecuted or imprisoned or exiled or killed for just voicing for the legitimate right of Oromo people. Through multiple cultural and social genocides, Oromos were forced to loss the feeling of Oromuma, and made to be ashamed for being Oromo.
Being gifted by natural resources, economic advantages have never been the primary driving force of Oromo’s’ struggle for independence. Rather, the main driving force behind the Oromo struggle is the real need to get free from oppression, persecution, brutal rule, imprisonment, basic human right violations and similar legitimate political rights. In Oromo’s struggle for independence, the economic reasons followed the political reasons, unlike the Scotland. We need the independence because we want to be free of oppression, persecution, and killing. We don’t want to be treated inhumanely. We want to live in a country where our basic human rights get respected.
There are some positive experiences we can gather from the Scottish independence, but taking their lesson as a role model for the Oromo struggle will make us illusionary. Their struggle and our struggle have a very different paths, aspirations and goal. For us, as oppressed people to become part of a society that is meaningful, the system under which we now exist has to be radically changed. Our struggle for independence needs a huge sacrifice than that of Scottish. Independence to Oromo and Oromia will not be attained only through campaign and debates like that of Scots, it might rather require a life sacrifice. Therefore, the quest of independence for people of Scotland is not to be free from oppression, persecution, brutal rule, imprisonment and basic human right violations.
Oromia will be free!!!
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